Ayurveda emphasizes preventative and healing therapies along with various methods of purification. Ayurveda is more than a mere healing system. It is a science and art of appropriate living, which contributes to longevity. It can guide every individual in the prevention of diseases and long-term maintenance of health. To achieve this balanced state of body, mind, and consciousness, Ayurveda prescribes the Panchakarma therapy for the cleansing of body toxins.
What is Panchakarma?
Panch in Sanskrit stands for five and Karma are the therapeutic measures. These are undertaken for the purification of the body, and Ayurveda considers it necessary before the start of any other therapy.
The Panchakarma therapy of Ayurveda is comprised of five basic types of advanced treatments for the evacuation of bodily toxins. These practices are extremely helpful in treating chronic diseases as well as for maintaining and improving physical and mental health. Any Panchakarma begins and ends with the following procedures:
| Purvakarmas | Pradhanakarmas | Paschatkarmas
Purvakarma : Pre-purification measures for Panchakarma
| Snehana | Swedana
Pradhanakarma: Main Purification measures of Panchkarma
| Vamana | Virechana | Nasya | Basti |Anuvasana Basti | Niruha Basti | Rakthamokshana | Jalauka | Siravyadha
Vamana karma literally means the emesis therapy, one of the series of principle treatment told in panchakarma.
Vamana karma , the expulsion of aggravated doshas through oral route is performed after sequence of procedures under the supervision of panchakarma experts and is the frontline choice in the treatment of respective disorders of kapha dosha in the body promotes overall balance and harmony of physiological processes
Virechana is the second therapy in the sequence of panchakarma because of its simplicity, eliminating Dosha in more quantity with less stress, most widely used purificatory procedure, especially for pitta Dosha diseases bestows complete relief and overall strength to the body.
Basti not merely the enema, rather it is a highly complex and systemic therapy having a wide range of therapeutic actions and indications, regarded as the prime treatment modality between the panchakarma therapy having not only the curative action but also preventive and promotive actions.
Mainly subclassified into:
• Anuvasana basti • Niruha basti
Anuvasana basti :
Anuvasana basti merely known as Sneha basti, comprises mainly of oil ghee or vasa ( animal fat) as its contents performed generally in people having voracious appetite ( ati agni) and in person who are very dry or in those afflicted by pure vata dosha.
Niruha basti :
Niruha basti known as asthapan basti performs the function of clearance and purification to counter the vata dosha disorder mainly consider medicated kashayas as their dominant content.
Nasya literally means the nasal purge, very important part of panchakarma therapy regarding the diseases related to head, eyes, nose, etc. involves itself the administration of medicines through nostrils, performed in a proper way bestows lightness of head and good sleep with ceased discomfort.
Raktamokshana, merely known as bloodletting is a unique para-surgical measure traced back to Veda’s period, indicated in various diseases where gross vitiation of raktha is present, done either by metal instruments or by leeches (jalauka) or vegetable gourds, considered on its tremendous prophylactic potential to do away the certain diseases.
Jalauka Avacharana, known for its extreme antiquity testifies its efficiency in healing various kinds of illness is a comprehensive technique using therapeutic leeches is the safer and supreme natural process of healing.
Siravyadha literally means vein puncture is a superior to all the foresaid methods, a technique with supreme caution and care legendry for its immediate and long lasting outcomes.